Panna National Park

Gir National Sanctuary

About Panna National Park Situated in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh at a distance of around 57 km from Khajuraho is the Panna National Park. The region, which is famous for its diamonds, is also home to some of the best wildlife species in India and is one of the better Tiger Reserves in the country. The park is known worldwide for its wild cats, including tigers as well as deer and antelope. Due to its closeness to one of the best-known Indian tourist attraction in India, Khajuraho, the park has the potential of becoming a major tourist attraction.

The Panna National Park is located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and is a part of the Chattarpur district. The park is well connected with the other parts of the region by a good network of roads. Distances of some important places in India from the Panna National Park are Bhopal 727 km, Delhi 889 km, Chennai 1761, and Calcutta 1040 km.

The climate of this region is tropical. Summers are too hot and very uncomfortable, though this is the time when one has the maximum chances of encountering the exclusive wildlife of this park. Winters are cold and comfortable and the temperature generally remains under 25°C. Monsoon touches this region in July and continues till mid-September.

Unique Attractions Mammals
Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), the king of the jungle, roams freely in this secure, though a bit small habitat alongwith his fellow beings – leopard (Panthera pardus), wild dog (Cuon alpinus), wolf (Canis lupus), hyaena (Hyaena hyaena) and caracal (Felus caracal) and smaller cats. Sloth bear has his most favourite home in the rock escarpments and undisturbed vales. The wooded areas are dotted with sambar the largest of Indian deers, chital and chowsingha. One can easily see nilgai and chinkara in most open areas in the grasslands, specially on the periphery.

The avifauna comprises more than 200 species, including a host of migratory birds. One can see white necked stork, barheaded goose, honey Buuzzard, King vulture, Blossom headed Parakeet, Paradise flycatcher, Slaty headed Scimitar babbler to name a few.

Varieties of snakes, including the python and other reptiles are found here

Flora Attractions
Dry and hot climate, in union with shallow Vindhyan soils has given rise to dry Teak and dry mixed forest. The dominating vegetation type is miscellaneous dry deciduous forest inter spread with grassland areas. Other major forest types are riverines, open grasslands, open woodlands with tall grasses and thorny woodlands. The characteristic floral species of this area include tree species such as Tectona grandis, Diospyros melanoxylon, Madhuca indica, Buchnania latifolia, Anogeissus latifolia, Anogeissus pendula, Lannea coromandelica, Bosswelia serrata etc.

Other Attractions
Panna is famous for its diamond mining industry and this make it an interesting place to visit. Pandav falls is also a major attraction with its lake fed by a waterfall. One more attraction in this region is the Rajgarh Palace, a magnificent piece of architecture overlooking the valley.

Gir National Sanctuary

List of Birds Panna National Park

1 . BLACK FRANCOLIN Francolinus francolinus R Rare
2 . PAINTED FRANCOLIN Francolinus pictus R Rare
3 . GREY FRANCOLIN Francolinus pondicerianus R Very Common
4 . COMMON QUAIL Coturnix coturnix W Very Rare
5 . RAIN QUAIL Coturnix coromandelica R Rare
6 . BLUE BREASTED QUAIL Coturnix chinensis R Very Rare
7 . JUNGLE BUSH QUAIL Perdicula asiatica R Very Common
8 . ROCK BUSH QUAIL Perdicula argoondah R Common
9 . PAINTED SPURFOWL Galloperdix lunulata R Common
10 . INDIAN PEAFOWL Pavo cristatus R Very Common
11 . LESSER WHISTLING DUCK Dedrocygna javanica W Very Common
12 . GREYLAG GOOSE Anser anser W Common
13 . BARHEADED GOOSE Anser indicus W Common
14 . RUDDY SHELDUCK Tadorna ferruginea R/W Very Common
15 . COMMON SHELDUCK Tadorna tadorna W Rare
16 . COMB DUCK Sarkidiornis melanotos W Common
17 . COTTON PYGMY GOOSE Nettapus coromandelianus W Very Common
18 . GADWALL Anas strepera W Common
19 . EURASIAN WIGEON Anas Penelope W Common
20 . MALLARD Anas platyrhynchos W Rare
21 . SPOT-BILLED DUCK Anas poecilorhyncha W Common
22 . COMMON TEAL Anas crecca R/W Very Common
23 . GARGANEY Anas querquedula W Common
24 . NORTHERN PINTAIL Anas acuta W Common
25 . NORTHERN SHOVELLER Anas clypeata W Very Common
26 . RED-CRESTED POCHARD Rhodonessa rufina W Rare
27 . COMMON POCHARD Aythya ferina W Common
28 . FERRUGINOUS POCHARD Aythya nyroca W Common
29 . TUFTED DUCK Aythya fuligula W Rare
30 . SMALL BUTTON QUAIL Turnix sylvatica S Rare
32 . BARRED BUTTONQUAILS Turnix suscitator R Rare
33 . EURASIAN WRYNECK Jynx torquilla W Rare
34 . BROWN-CAPPED PYGMY WOODPECKER Dendrocopos nanus R Common
35 . YELLOW-CROWNED WOODPECKER Dendrocopos mahrattensis R Rare
36 . BLACK-RUMPED FLAMEBACK Dinopium benghalense R Very Common
37 . WHITE NAPED WOODPECKER Chrysocolaptes festivus R Rare
38 . BROWN HEADED BARBET Megalaima zeylanica R Common

Megalaima haemacephala R Very Common

40 . INDIAN GREY HORNBILL Ocyceros birostris R Rare
41 . COMMON HOOPOE Upupa epops R Very Common
42 . EUROPEAN ROLLER Coracias garrulus P Rare
43 . INDIAN ROLLER Coracias benghalensis R Very Common
44 . COMMON KINGFISHER Alcedo atthis R Common
45 . STORK BILLED KINGFISHER Halcyon capensis R Rare
46 . WHITE-THROATED KINGFISHER Halcyon smyrnensis R Very Common
47 . PIED KINGFISHER Ceryle rudis R Common
48 . GREEN BEE EATER Merops orientalis R Very Common
49 . BLUE TAILED BEE EATER Merops philippinus W Common
50 . CHESTNUT HEADED BEE EATER Merops leschnaulti W Common
51 . PIED CUCKOO Clamator jacobinus S Common
52 . COMMON HAWK CUCKOO Hierococcyx varius R Common
53 . EURASIAN CUCKOO Cuculus canorus S Rare
54 . GREY BELLIED CUCKOO Cacomantis passerinus R Very rare
55 . ASIAN KOEL Eudynamys scolopacea R Common
56 . SIRKEER MALKOHA Phaenicophaeus leschenaultii R Common
57 . GREATER COUCAL Centropus sinensis R Very Common
58 . ALEXANDRINE PARAKEET Psittacula eupatria R Common

Psittacula krameri R Very Common


Psittacula cynaocephala R Very Common

61 . ASIAN PALM SWIFT Cypsiurus balasiensis R Common
62 . FORK-TAILED SWIFT Apus pacifus R Rare

Tachymarptis melba V Very Rare (only few sighting)

64 . HOUSE SWIFT Apus affinis R Common
65 . BARN OWL Tyto alba R Rare
66 . COLLARD SCOPS OWL lesser Otus bakkamoena R Common
67 . EURASIAN EAGLE OWL Bubo bobo R Rare
68 . DUSKY EAGLE OWL Bubo coromandus R Rare
69 . BROWN FISH OWL Ketupa zeylonensis R Rare
70 . SPOTTED OWLET Athene brama R Very Common
71 . SHORT-EARED OWL Asio flammeus W Very Rare
72 . GREY NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus indicus R Common
73 . LARGE-TAILED NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus macrurus R Common
74 . INDIAN NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus asiaticus R Common
75 . SAVANNA NIGHTJAR Caprimulgus affinis R Common
76 . ROCK PIGEON Columba livia R Very Common
77 . ORIENTAL TURTLE DOVE Streptopelia orientalis W Rare
78 . LAUGHING DOVE Streptopelia senegalensis R Common
79 . SPOTTED DOVE Streptopelia chinensis R Very Common
80 . RED COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia tranquebarica R Very Common
81 . EURASIAN COLLARED DOVE Streptopelia decaocto R Very Common
82 . YELLOW-FOOTED GREEN PIGEON Treron phoenicoptera R Common
83 . SARUS CRANE Grus antigone R Rare
84 . COMMON CRANE Grus grus W Rare
85 . DEMOISELLE CRANE Grus virgo W Rare
86 . BROWN CRAKE Amaurornis akool R Common
87 . WHITE-BRESTED WATERHEN Amaurornis phoenicurus R Common
88 . PURPLE SWAMPHEN Porphyrio porphyrio R Rare
89 . COMMON MOORHEN Gallinula chloropus R Common
90 . COMMON COOT Fulica atra R Common
91 . CHESTNUT-BELLIED SANDGROUSE Pterocles exustus R Rare surval sighted
92 . PAINTED SANDGROUSE Pterocles indicus R Common
93 . PINTAIL SNIPE Gallinago stenura W Common
94 . COMMON SNIPE Gallinago gallinago W Common
95 . JACK SNIPE doubtful Lymnocryptes minimus W Rare
96 . BLACK-TAILED GODWIT Limosa limosa W Very Common
97 . EURASIAN CURLEW Numenius arquata W Rare
98 . SPOTTED REDSHANK Tringa erythropus W Common
99 . COMMON REDSHANK Tringa tetanus W Common<
100 . MARSH SANDPIPER Tringa stagnatilis W Common
101 . COMMON GREENSHANK Tringa nebularia W Common
102 . GREEN SANDPIPER Tringa ochropus W Common
103 . WOOD SANDPIPER Tringa glareola W Common
104 . COMMON SANDPIPER Actitis hypoleucos W Common
105 . LITTLE STINT Calidris minuta W Common
106 . DUNLIN Calidris alpina W Rare
107 . TEMMINCK’S STINT Calidris temminckii W Rare
108 . RUFF Philomachus pugnax W Common
109 . GREATER PAITED SNIPE Rostratula benghalensis R Rare
110 . PINTAIL SNIPE Gallinago stenura W Rare
111 . PHEASANT - TAILED JACANA Hydrophasianus chirurgus R Rare
112 . BRONZE-WINGED JACANA Metopidius indicus R Common
113 . EURASIAN THICK-KNEE Burhinus oedicnemus R Rare
114 . GREAT THICK-KNEE Esacus recurvirostris R Common
115 . BLACK-WINGED STILT Himantopus himantopus R Very Common
116 . PIED AVOCET Recurvirostra avosetta W Common
117 . GREY PLOVER Pluvialis Squatarola W Rare
118 . LITTLE RINGED PLOVER Charadrius dubius R Common
119 . KENTISH PLOVER Charadrius alexandrinus W Rare
120 . NORTHERN LAPWING Vanellus vaellus W Rare
121 . YELLOW-WATTLED LAPWING Vanellus malarbaricus R Rare
122 . RIVER LAPWING Vanellus duvaucelii R Common
123 . RED WATTLED LAPWING Vanellus indicus R Very Common
124 . SOCIABLE LAPWING Vanellus gregarius W Rare
125 . INDIAN COURSER Cursorius coromandelicus R Very Rare
126 . SMALL PRANTICOLE Glareola lactea R Rare
127 . YELLOW-LEGGED GULL Larus cachinnans W Rare
128 . HEUGLIN’S GULL Larus heuglini W Very Rare
129 . PALLA’S GULL Larus ichthyaetus W Rare
130 . BROWN-HEADED GULL Larus brunnicephalus W Common
131 . BLACK- HEADED GULL Larus ridibundus W Common
132 . GULL- BILLED TERN Gelochelidon nilotica W Common
133 . RIVER TERN Sterna aurantia R Very Common
134 . LITTLE TERN Sterna albifrons V Very Rare
135 . BLACK- BELLIED TERN Sterna acuticauda R Common<
136 . WHISKERED TERN Chlidonias hybridus W Common
137 . INDIAN SKIMMER Rynchops albicollis R Rare
138 . OSPREY Pandion haliaetus W Common
139 . BLACK- SHOULDERED KITE Elanus caeruleus R Very Common
140 . BLACK KITE Milvus migrans R Common
141 . PALLA’S FISH EAGLE Haliaeetus leucoryphus R Rare
142 . GREY- HEADED FISH EAGLE Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus V Very Rare
v 143 . LAMMERGEIER Gypaetus barbatus V Very Rare
144 . EGYPTIAN VULTURE Neophron percnopterus R Rare
145 . WHITE- RUMPED VULTURE Gyps bengalensis R Common
146 . LONG- BILLED VULTURE Gyps indicus R Common
147 . EURASIAN GRIFFON Gyps fulvus W Rare
148 . RED-HEADED VULTURE Sacrogyps calvus R Common
149 . SHORT-TOED SNAKE EAGLE Circaetus gallicus R Common
150 . CRESTED SERPENT EAGLE Spilornis cheela R Very Common
151 . EURASIAN MARSH HARRIER Circus aeruginosus W Common
152 . PALLID HARRIER Circus macrourus W Rare
153 . MONTAGU’S HARRIER Circus pygargus W Rare
154 . SHIKRA Accipiter badius R Common
155 . EURASIAN SPARROWHAWK Accipiter nisus W Rare
156 . ORIENTAL HONEY BUZZARD Pernis ptilorhyncus R Very Common
157 . WHITE-EYED BUZZARD Butastur teesa R Common
158 . LESSER SPOTTED EAGLE Aquila pomarina R Common
159 . GREATER SPOTTED EAGLE Aquila clanga R Rare
160 . BLACK EAGLE Icntinaetus malayensis R Only 3 -4 sightings
161 . TAWNY EAGLE Aquila rapax R Rare
162 . STEPPE EAGLE Aquila nipalensis W Rare
163 . BONELLI’S EAGLE Hieraaetus fasciatus R Common
164 . BOOTED EAGLE Hieraaetus pennatus W Rare
165 . CHANGEABLE HAWK EAGLE Spizaetus cirrhatus R Rare
166 . COMMON KESTREL Falco tinnunculus W Rare
167 . LAGGAR FALCON Falco jugger R Rare
168 . EURASIN HOBBY Falco subbuteo W Rare 3 sightings
169 . LITTLE GREBE Tachybaptus ruficollis R Very Common
170 . BLACK-NECKED GREBE Podiceps nigricollis W Very Rare
171 . GREAT CRESTED GREBE Podiceps cristatus W Rare
172 . DARTER Anhinga malanogaster R Very Common
173 . LITTLE CORMORANT Phalacrocorax niger R Very Common
174 . INDIAN CORMORANT Phalacrocorax fuscicollis R Common
175 . GREAT CORMORANT Phalacrocorax carbo R Common
176 . LITTLE EGRET Egretta garzetta R Very Common
177 . GREAT EGRET Casmerodius albus R Very Common
178 . INTERMEDIATE EGRET Mesophoyx intermedia R Very Common
179 . CATTLE EGRET Bubulcus ibis R Very Common
180 . INDIAN POND HERON Ardeola grayii R Very Common
181 . GREY HERON Ardea cinerea W Common
182 . PURPLE HERON Ardea purpurea R Common
183 . LITTLE HERON Butorides striatus R Rare
184 . BLACK-CROWNED NIGHT HERON Nycticorax nycticorax R Common
185 . YELLOW BITTERN Ixobrychus sinensis V Rare<
186 . CINNAMON BITTERN Ixobrychus cinnamomeus W Very Rare
187 . GREATER FLAMINGO Phoenicopterus rubber W Common Surwal lake
188 . GLOSSY IBIS Plegadis falcinellus W Rare
189 . BLACK-HEADED IBIS Threskiornis melanocephalus R Common
190 . BLACK IBIS Pseudibis papillosa R Rare
191 . EURASIAN SPOONBILL Platalea leucorodia R Common
192 . GREAT WHITE PELICAN Pelecanus onocrotalus W Common
193 . DALMATIAN PELICAN Pelecanus crispus W Rare
194 . PAINTED STORK Mycteria lecocephala R Common
195 . ASIAN OPENBILL Anastomus oscitans R Rare
196 . WOOLY-NECKED STORK Ciconia episcopus R Common
197 . BLACK STORK Ciconia nigra W Common
198 . BLACK- NECKED STORK Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus W Rare
199 . INDIAN PITTA Pitta brachyura S Very Common
200 . RUFOUS-TAILED SHRIKE Lanius isabellinus W Common
201 . BROW N SHRIKE Lanius cristatus W Rare
202 . BAY- BACKED SHRIKE Lanius vittatus R Common
203 . LONG- TAILED SHRIKE Lanius schach R Common
204 . SOUTHERN GREY SHRIKE Lanius meridionalis R Common
205 . RUFOUS TREEPIE Dendrocitta vagabunda R Very Common
206 . HOUSE CROW Corvus splendens R Very Common
207 . LARGE- BILLED CROW Corvus macrorhynchos R Very Common
208 . EURASIAN GOLDEN ORIOLE Oriolus oriolus S Common
209 . LARGE CUCKOOSHRIKE Coracina macie R Common
210 . BLACK-HEADED CUCKOOSHRIKE Coracina melanoptera R Rare
211 . SMALL MINIVET Pericrocotus cinnamomeus R Very Common
212 . LONG-TAILED MINIVET Pericrocotus ethologus R Rare
213 . WHITE BELLIED MIIVET Pericricotus erytropygius R
214 . WHITE-BROWED FANTAIL Rhipidura aureola R Very Common
215 . ASHY DRONGO Dicrurus leucophaeus R Rare
216 . BLACK DRONGO Dicrurus macrocercus R Very Common
217 . WHITE BELLIED DRONGO Dicrurus caerulescens R Very Common
218 . ASIAN PARADISE FLY-CATCHER Terpsiphone paradisi S Common
219 . COMMON IORA Aegithina tiphia R Common
220 . MARSHALL’S IORA Aegithina nigrolutea R Very Rare

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